Pros and Cons of Genetic engineering in Plants . Increasing the number of population day by day needs more food for human. Pathogens Adapt To The New Genetic Profiles: Genetic engineering creates resistance against some pathogens for plants and animals. Due to the lower price of pharmaceuticals produced by Pharming. Basically, the goal of genetic engineering in animals is to eliminate debilitating diseases and create healthier animals. Using animals to produce drugs purely for the benefit of humans can be considered unethical. A majority of the advantages of Pharming are economical. It offers the potential for a longer life. neighbour farm and gm food can wind up in supermarkets and unknowingly sold for consumption. The pollen and seeds can fertilized the soil of the. The safety behind modifying an animal at the cellular level is widely unknown, and there could be many … Also, many eggs are examined when searching for one to implant into a host animal and, most of the time, the donors are sacrificed in the process. The money invested in research and manufacture is reduced and medicine becomes cheaper and more affordable. Here are the pros and cons of this branch of science: List of Pros of Genetic Engineering in Animals. An example of a contamination was the Prodigene Incident of 2002. After the harvest some kernels were left on the ground and not long after soybeans intended for human consumption were planted. Supporters of genetic engineering believe that genetic engineering is indeed safe and is still comparable to the traditional process of breeding in plants and animals. 1. This means use of modified pharmaceuticals could have the ability to harm the human body because they have not been thoroughly tested. However Dolly died nearly half a lifetime earlier than normal sheep perhaps due to the effects of genetic engineering. People who could not afford medicines in the past are given an opportunity to live healthier. Pharming is a cheaper alternative to creating pharmaceuticals in a laboratory. Genetic engineering to increase the food quantity. No matter how secluded and isolated gm(genetically modified) organisms are grown, there is always the risk that can breed with their pure counterparts and create contamination. In general, opponents of genetic engineering assert that such technology creates a huge diminution in the standing of animals, leaving them as nothing more than "test tubes with tails," only of benefit for the exploitive practices of factory farming, and drug and organ manufacturing. Dolly was put down because she had sever arthritis and a lung disease, which are symptoms present in old sheep. This is done using a variety of different techniques like molecular cloning. Prodigene was heavy fined and punished for their mistake and the potential harm they could have caused the human population. Wind can carry pollen and seeds of gm crops to a neighbouring farm which grows normal crops for human consumption. When the soybeans were harvested parts of the leftover corn was mixed with the soybeans. 1. Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering Manipulation of genes in natural organisms, such as plants, animals, and even humans, is considered genetic engineering. Genetically modified drugs can potentially harm human health. Dolly the first cloned mammal was expected to live for 11 years but died at 6.5 years of age. Cons of Pharming: Genetically engineered animals are often subject to ethical debates surrounding treatment of animals. The World Health Organisation estimates that almost 3 million people die from preventable diseases, mostly in underdeveloped countries. To supply the food to the huge population genetic engineering is the solution. Cons:-It is unethical.-Some food companies have refused to use meat or milk that is from genetically engineered animals.-Some consumers are complaining that the animal drug rules do not regulate genetically modified animals properly.-This process is potentially dangerous and can be very harmful. Even though process of creating a transgenic animal is expensive and time consuming, when the animal starts producing it's drug the investment begins to pay off economically. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. CONs of Genetic Engineering In Agriculture. Genetically engineered animals are often subject to ethical debates surrounding treatment of animals. The Cons of Genetically Engineering Animals. These are some of the Cons of genetically modified crops. It makes the plant resistant to pest, insects etc. Using animals to produce drugs purely for the benefit of humans can be considered unethical. Despite humans and animals having similar proteins, proper testing guidelines have not been established. There are concerns to whether the animals are being treated fairly as … Genetic engineering fulfils the food demand. Furthermore, many offspring of transgenic animals are born with abnormalities or do no produce the correct drug. Advocates of genetic engineering support the technology primarily because of the following reasons: However, there are some negative effects. Genetic engineering means we might be able to live longer, have healthier children, and eradicate diseases. If the most basic medicines were readily available to them countless lives can be saved. There are concerns to whether the animals are being treated fairly as sentimental being, or as living factories. Scientific Principle 1 - Genetic Engineering, Scientific Principle 2 - Transgenic Animals. Mass producing pharmaceuticals with Pharming also provides health-based charities with more medicines so they can expand their influence and assist more people. MD healing n.d., FrankenFish - Geneticc Engineering & Animals, accessed 5 May 2015, But the bacteria and viruses evolve to the resistance of GMO as well. While this is a noble purpose, this practice also has its own set of drawbacks. Scientists know much about the animal body and how it works, but they don’t yet know everything. Also, if transgenic farm animals ever escape into wild … Creating more efficient agricultural animals threatens weaken the genetic diversity of the herd and thereby make them more susceptible to new strains of infectious disease. The company Prodigene produced corn injected with the protein avidin.