Then there’s ethane, propane, butane, etc. It can be used to clean dry up paint and even adhesive residues from different surfaces. Mineral spirits is strong enough for any normal operation. It is used as the solvent and thinner for shellac. This is the most common use of mineral spirits nowadays. The higher vapor point of paint thinner actually gives it an advantage over lacquer thinner. Mineral spirits are derived from minerals: in this case, petroleum. Many artists prefer mineral spirits due to the substance's ability to quickly clean any painting utensil they might use. Heptane and octane are used to make gasoline, a liquid that evaporates very rapidly. Generally, pure mineral spirits will cost about 40- to 50-percent more than mineral spirits-based paint thinners with additives. What is the difference between mineral spirits vs paint thinner? • Mineral spirits are called white spirits in UK. Although these two types of chemicals have the similar function, there are some differences between mineral spirits vs paint thinner you should consider when deciding what to use. Before discharging boxes of mineral spirits and paint thinner which are used up, consult with the environment specialist and local authority. VOCs are environmental (smog) pollutants. Mineral spirit is composed of alicyclic C7 to C12, aliphatic hydrocarbons and fewer hydrocarbons than that of paint thinner. Paint thinner, in contrast, is a less refined mineral spirit that contains other types of solvents. In UK, mineral spirit is known as white spirit. Filed Under: Home Tagged With: Lacquer Thinner, Mineral Spirits, paint thinner, thinner, white spirit. They are both solvents but mineral spirits do not mix with water. It’s not hard to find places selling high-quality mineral spirits and paint thinner, but buying safe chemicals is still a very common problem. How to Determine Your Hazardous Waste Generator Status. Never use mineral spirits or paint thinner for cleaning latex paint from brushes or surfaces. They include mineral spirits (informally referred to as “paint thinner”), naphtha, toluene, xylene and some “turpentine substitutes” such as turpatine and T.R.P.S. Water-based latex paints have evolved and have become more prevalent in the home to the point where oil-based products are used less frequently. Brands of brush cleaner and deglosser (liquid sandpaper) vary greatly in their composition. Paint thinner is more caustic than mineral spirit. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } One more difference between mineral spirit and paint thinner is the cost. There are two types of alcohol available at paint stores: methanol (methyl alcohol) and denatured alcohol (shellac thinner). This is also the reason mineral spirits are used for lubricating several objects. Another thing to remember is that they are solvents for thinning and cleaning of paints and should not be used to polish furniture as they can damage the furniture. If you’re sensitive to fumes, use Low Odour Solvent. It is used in many industries as a cleaner and degreaser. Furniture polishes are primarily petroleum distillates in the evaporation range slightly slower than mineral spirits. Turbinaire Compatible Parts & Accessories. As paint thinners are strong chemicals that can even dissolve paints, they are dangerous chemicals and one should keep exposure to them on a minimal basis. Which of the following is not considered a hazardous waste? The process is called distillation—and thus, petroleum distillates. Obviously, when you understand differences between them, you shall make the proper choice in any situation for every purpose you use. Thinning oil- or alkyd-based paints while those paints are still in soluble form, Degreasing or cleaning oily equipment or tools, Eliminating heel and scuff marks from flooring. You should never use them in any sizeable quantity without proper ventilation. However, in term of the essence, they are one kind of mineral spirit whose flash point at about 40°C. Petroleum distillates are distillations of petroleum. Because mineral spirit is less noxious and has more refinement than paint thinner, many people choose to use it. The two most widely used finishing solvents are mineral spirits and naphtha. • Only lacquer thinners can be used for thinning and cleaning of spray paints. Petroleum Distillates and Turpentine Petroleum distillates are distillations of petroleum. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. Due to the difference in odor, pure mineral spirits tend to be better for interior use. It’s important to emphasize that mineral spirits and paint thinner are the same thing. Paint thinner is used only with oil-based paints and finishes, never with latex paints or water-based finishes. The reason is that they contain much more of petroleum property than that of paint thinner. But I’ve never found this to be a problem. I recommend using a rag lightly dampened with mineral spirits being sure to allow it to fully evaporate before applying the last coat. A petroleum distillate, mineral spirits are often used as a substitute for turpentine, and tend to build up grease and grime. Mineral spirit can be used widely by paint artists, nail makers, wood workshops and construction workers with less toxicity and noxious emission. HAPs are bad for us to breathe. Many industries, for example, gun manufacturers and auto refinishing shops, use a significant amount of mineral spirits as a solvent for parts washing. You can use either product to thin oil-based paint and to clean up after painting. With the growth of the automobile industry and its need for petroleum products, a large number of petroleum solvents were introduced and these have almost entirely replaced turpentine because they are less expensive and have less unpleasant odor. There are 3 grades in each type: low flash point, normal flash point and a high flash point. Alcohol is an entirely different solvent than petroleum distillates. When inhaled, benzene can cause drowsiness and even can render one unconscious. Mineral spirits may be priced higher than paint thinners. The following items shall give you the specific answer. Paint thinner, in contrast, is a less refined mineral spirit that contains other types of solvents. The turpentine substitutes, turpatine and T.R.P.S., are more similar to turpentine than to mineral spirits. The petroleum distillates we use in wood finishing evaporate much slower than gasoline and are relatively safe to use in small quantities, even with poor ventilation. If so, which of the two should you purchase? Mineral spirit is a solvent used in the paint industry for cleaning and thinning of paints and varnishes. Lacquer thinner has no such properties, but it has more ability to cut through grease and wax than mineral spirits. This is achieved by mixing a little amount of paint thinner to get the desired consistency of the paint. Mineral spirits tend to be more effective in terms of solvent properties and cleaning capabilities. Many of us can get accidents when using mineral spirits and paint thinner. The latter class can include products such as turpentine, derived entirely from pine tree oleoresins and with no petroleum content. Generally, mineral spirits and paint thinner are interchangeable products. Both are regulated and their use is limited in many parts of the country. (Notice the technical difference between the terms “solvent” and “thinner,” even though they are often used interchangeably. These solvents, meant to dissolve hardened paint, contain a host of chemicals such as alcohol, methanol, and xylene, to name only a few. Mineral spirits and paint thinner are also widely used chemicals in industry and life. In households, it is used to clean brushes after the painting work is over. Mineral spirits are made from petroleum and prove to be not only more inexpensive than turpentine but also as a safer product being less inflammable and less toxic. Can I recycle mineral spirits for cleaning transmission parts? Paint thinner is mineral spirits, but in a less refined form. This article takes a closer look at the two solvents to highlight their differences. In 2005, the total volume of these solvents traded on the world market was 17.9 million tonnes, bringing in a profit of around 8 billion Euros.