Esarhaddon (681–669 BCE) would be forced to invade Babylonia to oust Marduk-apla-iddina II, sending him fleeing once again back to Elam where he would later die in exile. The ancient Sumerian cuneiform was used for religious purposes but was not spoken as it had become taken over by the Akkadian language. Control over Babylon would continue through the early reign of Sennacherib who installed his son Ashur-nadin-shumi as king of Babylon. What empire was the world's first empire? Dynasty VIII was replaced by Dynasty IX in 941 BC and leader Ninurta-kudurri-usur II took power. They were able to develop throughout several thousand years and the civilization as a whole was one of the major influences on the modern day. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal This was caused by the invading Arameans who decided to sack Babylon in 1026 BCE. By ousting the Third Dynasty of Ur the Amorites would successfully bring about the end of the Sumerian civilization and establish the second major kingdom that would characterize the the region of Mesopotamia from here on out. Called the Third Dynasty of Ur, and ruled by the king Ur-Namma the Neo-Sumerian Empire shared borders with growing Assyria and encompassed most of what would soon become ancient Babylonia. Much like their predecessors the Amorites the Kassites were not native to Mesopotamia though. The Akkadian Empire adopted Sumerian culture. Babylonia and the city of Babylon under the leadership of Shamash-mudammiq were conquered by the Assyrians under Adad Nirari II in 911 BCE and the civilization was annexed into the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Akkadian Culture’s Contributions. After that, they created many things. The Kassite Dynasty was a period of rule that encompassed the years 1595 BCE to 1155 BCE. However it was to be short lived as after the death of Hammurabi the Babylonia empire quickly fell apart. When the Akkadian Empire collapsed it fell to form the lesser state of Assyria in the northern portion of Mesopotamia. . During the period of civil war under the reign of Shamshi Adad V, a Chaldean man named Marduk-apla-usur seized the throne in 780 BCE. Their empire covered a good deal of land, especially in the Middle East. As Sumer was taken over by the Akkadians under Sargon the Great (2334-2279 BCE) and incorporated into the Akkadian Empire the entire region of Mesopotamia flourished. The Akkadian Empire was the second ancient empire of Mesopotamia, after the long-lived civilization of Sumer. It established the Akkadian language as the spoken language in the region and set in plac… He would die suddenly while trying to take the city of Samaria and would be succeeded by Sargon II who may have been an illegitimate ruler and usurper to Assyrian throne. They took over all the Sumerian city-states. Mesopotamian Empires 600 BCE - Historical Atlas (1923). The birthplace of many scientific achievements, engineering feats and other discoveries that would impact humanity for centuries, Babylon was also home to many of the worlds ancient wonders. This is based on a difference in interpreting the 56/64-year astronomical calculation that was deduced from the Venus Tablet of Ammisaduqa artifact and the clay document known as tablet 63 or Enuma anu enlil. It was during the rule of Sargon that the city of Babylon was first mentioned. It appears during this period they were able to bring Babylon itself back under Kassite rule. When Ashurbanipal died he was replaced by his son Ashur-etil-ilani. Following the successful capture of Babylon an Assyrian governor named Kandalanu was installed as the ruler until 627 BCE. The Akkadian Empire's economy was primarily composed of agriculture. What was the political strategy of the Akkadian Empire? Under the reign of the Assyrian king Shalmeneser III sacked the city of Babylon and slew its vassal king Nabu-apla-iddin and managed to subjugate all of the various tribes living throughout the region such as the Arameans, Suteans and Chaldeans. There were still many territories under foreign control of groups such as the Arameans and the Suteans. . . By 850 BCE the first mentions of the groups called the Chaldeans and the Arabs appear. 23, No. Babylon was very weak during this period as it was just beginning to regain its footing as a civilization. This achievement was important because . Successfully doing so he executed all of the rebels and their families and immediately set to work on rebuilding Babylon. Manishtushu was succeeded by his son Naram-Sin, the fourth ruler of the empire who reigned for 36 years (2254–2218 BC).Under Naram-Sin, the Akkadian Empire reached its greatest height extending as far as Anatolia in the north, inner Iran in the east, Arabia in the south, and the Mediterranean in the west. The Akkadian Empire adopted Sumerian culture. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. The Chaldeans were a group of people of unknown origin who about a century before settled in the southern and inhospitable part of the Tigris and Euphrates valley near the Persian Gulf. Around 5500 BCE the region began to be dominated by the ancient city-states of Sumer.